Sir Gaṅgānāth Jhā (25 December 1872 – 9 November 1941) was a scholar of Sanskrit, Indian philosophy and Buddhist philosophy. He was also a paṇḍit of Nyāya-Śāstra.
Ganganath Jha was born in a Maithil Brahmin family of the Gandhara village of Madhubani district of Bihar. He was first taught using the Persian script then, when his family moved to Benares when he was aged seven, he learned Sanskrit. In 1880, he returned to his relatives in Darbhanga and was admitted to an English medium school. In 1886, after completing his school education, he returned to Benares for further studies and was admitted to the Government Sanskrit College there. He received his MA degree in Sanskrit with the first rank in 1892.
At the age of 24, he was appointed a librarian of the Darbhanga state by its Maharaja. In 1902, he was appointed a Professor of Sanskrit at Muir College in Allahabad, which he left in 1918 to become the first Indian principal of the Government Sanskrit College in Benares. Between 1920 and 1923 he served as a member of the Council of State in the Central British Government of India.
He was vice-chancellor of University of Allahabad (Prayag University) during 1923–32. The University of Allahabad established the Ganganath Jha Hostel in his honour.
Honours and awards
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- D. Litt, 1900
- Mahāmahopādhyāya, 1901
- Member, Council of State (1920–1923)
- Honorary Fellow of the Asiatic Society, 1924
- Campbell Memorial Gold Medal, Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1935
- Honorary Member, Royal Asiatic Society, London
- Knight Bachelor, 1941 Birthday Honours List