This Dictionary includes the vocabulary of Post-Vedic literature with emphasis on philosophical, grammatical, and rhetorical terms. Further, this is the only handy dictionary of its kind which breaks a word into its component parts and refers to the roots deducible from Sanskrit derivatives alone by way of comparative philological analysis. The work is therefore highly useful for the etymological analysis and linguistic training.
Arthur Anthony Macdonell was a noted Sanskrit scholar- born at Muzaffarpur in the Tirhut region of the state of Bihar in British India, the son of Charles Alexander Macdonell, of the Indian Army. He was educated at Göttingen University, then matriculated in 1876 at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, gaining a classical exhibition and three scholarships (for German, Chinese, and the Boden Scholarship for Sanskrit).
He graduated with classical honors in 1880 and was appointed Taylorian Teacher of German (language) at Oxford. In 1883 he obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Leipzig and then became Deputy Professor of Sanskrit at Oxford in 1888, and Boden Professor of Sanskrit in 1899 (a post that carried with it a fellowship of Balliol College, Oxford).
Macdonell edited various Sanskrit texts, wrote a grammar, compiled a dictionary, and published a Vedic grammar, a Vedic Reader, and a work on Vedic mythology; he also wrote a history of Sanskrit.