The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary has been undertaken to supply a want long felt by the student, with a complete and at the same time low-priced Sanskrit-English Dictionary.
The main feature of this Dictionary is that it has aimed at being practical. With this view, the author has added quotations and references to the peculiar and noteworthy senses of words, especially such as occur in works read by the student at school or college. To a student, especially a beginner, they are very useful, as they supply him with apt illustrations of the senses of words, and enable him to provide himself with a large stock of choice, idiomatic expressions which are so abundant in the language.
Another noticeable feature of the Dictionary is that it gives full explanations of the more important technical terms, particularly in Nyaya, Alankara, Vedanta, Grammar and Dramaturgy, with quotations in Sanskrit wherever necessary. Similarly, striking phrases, some choice expressions and idioms or particular combinations of words, have been briefly but clearly explained, so as to give the reader most of the facts connected with them. Some of the most common Nyayas or Maxims have been collected under the word Nyaya for easy reference.
Three Appendices have also been added. The first is on Sanskrit Prosody. The second Appendix gives dates, writings etc. of some of the important Sanskrit writers. The third Appendix gives the most important names in the ancient Geography of India with identifications on the modern map wherever ascertained.
Vaman Shivram Apte (1858 – 9 August 1892) was an Indian lexicographer and a professor of Sanskrit at Pune's Fergusson College. He is best known for his compilation of a dictionary, The Student's English-Sanskrit Dictionary. Vaman Shivaram Apte came from a well-to-do family in Konkan. In the Marathi State of Sawantwadi, in the small village of Asolopal (Banda Peta) his father was known as a noble-minded Pandit of high integrity of character.
He passed the Matriculation examination and secured more than 90% of the total marks, with the unique Sanskrit scholarship, named after Jagannath Shankarshet. Prof. Kielhorn wanted him to study in the Deccan College directly under him. There too Vamanrao showed his brilliance in all examinations and won the Bhau Daii Sanskrit Prize at the B. A. examination (1877) and the Bhagawandas Scholarship at the M. A. examination(1879). Apte decided once for all to devote himself to the cause of national education by joining the founders of the New English School in 1880, in its first year.